Association of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction with BMI in Postpartum Females
Author(s) : Khushboo Gulzar, Noorbakht Shoaib, Farooq Islam, Asim Raza, Raheela Kousar, Alveena Shakoor, Amina Dar & Iraj Butt
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the association between sacroiliac joint dysfunction and body mass index (BMI) in postpartum females who had normal deliveries and lower segment cesarean sections.
Materials and Methods: Data was collected from postpartum women who provided written consent and were informed about the procedure. Participants underwent five provocation tests, and a diagnosis of sacroiliac joint dysfunction was made if three of the five tests were positive.
Results: The study shows that out of the participants (340 postpartum females), 271 (79.7%) were found to have sacroiliac joint dysfunction, while 69 (20.3%) did not. The results showed that approximately 74% of middle-aged participants were overweight, and approximately 51% were obese. The study found a high prevalence of sacroiliac joint dysfunction in this age group.
Conclusion: This study concluded that there is a strong association between sacroiliac joint dysfunction and BMI in postpartum females. Obese females with higher BMIs had a higher prevalence of sacroiliac joint pain.
Keywords: Body mass index, Postpartum, Sacroiliac joint, Sacroiliac joint dysfunction.